The introduction is written at the very end, when the bachelor thesis is already finished, that is the standard sentence. This is certainly a good method, because the introduction gives an overview of the entire content of the bachelor thesis – and how should that work if you do not know at the beginning what will come out in the end? It is also often the case that the question changes during the work in some aspects, even if you have previously invested a lot of time in a good research question. Even if you write the introduction only at the end: the question is the heart of your bachelor thesis. It must be formulated as the very first, even at the risk that something else will change.
First question: When do I write my introduction?
The introduction of the bachelor thesis and the conclusion form a self-contained text. Our reading habits have been so marked since antiquity that the reader wants to be told a story from beginning to end. But take a look at your favorite book and you’ll find that if you read only the first and last pages, you’ll find a small, self-contained story. Also, the introduction and the end of your Bachelor thesis are comparable. The introduction could be described as the entrance of a labyrinth into which you lead the reader. They accompany him through the whole bachelor thesis, and in the end you lead the reader out in the same place, only that he has now gained a lot of experience.
Second question: Do the introduction and conclusion of my bachelor thesis fit together?
The introduction is the place where you present the question of your bachelor thesis. When formulating the question, keep in mind that your target audience is a scientific audience. So avoid the colloquial language. Of course this does not only apply to the introduction, but also to the whole bachelor thesis. The German word “question” is a bit misleading, better is the English word “thesis”. Because their question consists of several aspects that together form the assumption or thesis of the bachelor thesis, which you will either prove or reject with examples. In the case of humanities studies, it will almost never happen that you have to reject your thesis, but this is certainly the case with scientific Bachelor theses.
Therefore, the question is formulated not as a question, but as a whole sentence. Make sure that you limit yourself to a statement that is supplemented by further information, such as general conditions and method.
Third question: What is the question of my bachelor thesis and with which method can I prove it?
Make it easy for your reader and explain to him where he is. Think of the image of the labyrinth and describe the environment to your audience. With regard to the introduction of your bachelor thesis, this means that you first describe the field of study, the most important theory for your research question and the methodology of the subject in which you locate your research question. It is often expected that you then briefly explain your personal motivation, why you have chosen this and no other subject for your bachelor thesis.
If you have worked through these two points, your question follows, rounded off by contradictory aspects on the topic, because there are certainly many opinions on each topic. Show that you know the current research landscape, in a few sentences to invalidate the other opinions and justify your thesis.
The conclusion of the introduction of each bachelor thesis are the points to the applied method – Do you conduct interviews or do you do a literature analysis? – as well as to sources and source criticism – on which sources are based your statements and the sources are reliable? In the classic introduction, the content of the individual chapters or the procedure is briefly explained at the end.